HEINRICH HIMMLER
 

Heinrich Himmler was born in Munich in 1900 as the son of a Catholic high school head master. After World War I, which he had gone trough as officers candidate without combat experience, he passed a study to become an academically qualified farmer. In 1922, he joined the NSDAP with the number 14 303 and, in 1925, the SS under the number 168. He was involved in Hitlers coup d'etat in 1923 and then became secretary of Gregor Strasser and vice Gauleiter of Lower Bavaria. In 1929, he was nominated as "Reichsführer SS", which then still belonged to the SA. Entering the Reichstag (Parliament) as delegate in 1930, he established the Security Service within the SS as a party-internal secret service. 1933, he became police president in Munich and, little later, commander of the political police in Bavaria. Hermann Göring put him in charge of the Gestapo. In the year 1936, he became "Reichsführer SS" and chief of the German police in the Ministry for the Interior.

Eight years later, he had a few more titles and functions: "Reichskommissar für die Festigung des deutschen Volkstums" ("Reichs Commissioner for the Consolidation of the German People") since October 1939, Minister for the Interior and plenipotenitary for the administration of the Reich (since August 1943), high commander of the reserve army and chief of military armament (since July 1944) and temporary high commander of two army groups. He was the head of the common SS, the armed SS ("WaffenSS"), he was also responsible for the resettlement of the "Volksdeutsche" (Germans out of Germany), and the evacuation of the occupied areas, the trusts of the SS-owned firms and companies, the whole administrative bureaucracy of the Reich, the countries and the new "Reichsgaue" (provinces), the military and civilian secret services with an army of agents all over, the reserve army and training battalions and - to a certain extent - for the military questions of the "Volkssturm".

Chairing all these institutions, Himmler practiced terror and violence against opponents of the Third Reich and turned his fanatic racial ideology into concrete policy - such like the concentration camp system..

At the end of the war, Himmler - disguised as a member of the secret field police - tried to escape capture and committed suicide after his capture on May 23, 1945.