SS-DOCTOR DR. EDUARD WIRTHS
 
After a heart-attack he was considered unsuitable to the front-line and was then transferred to Dachau and Neuengamme concentration camps, where he remained a litle while before he came to Auschwitz in September 1942 as "Standortarzt". Thus, he was the highest-ranking SS-doctor in Auschwitz. He commanded the other physicians to the ramp in a hierarchical principle in order to let them pursue selections there. He himself regularly atttended these selections to encourage discipline and the way the doctors saw their own work. Wirths was part of the department D III "FŸr SanitŠtswesen und Lagerhygiene" in the Office of Economic Policy in Berlin (WVHA), a department that was chaired by the physician Enno Lolling since 1942. But Wirths was also subordinate to the commander of Auschwitz, with whom he had to cooperate in the "Daily business". Wirths enforced that only SS-doctors were able to select prisoners. Thus, Wirths not only controlled the selection, but became the organizer-in-chief. Wirths was captured in 1945 by the British army and committed suicide. Before his death, he wrote a justification concerning his work in Auschwitz. He wrote: "I tried, according to my Christian belief, to help the sick prisoners..." (Source: Czech Danuta, Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau 1939-1945). Medical doctor Eduard Wirths was born in 1909 in WŸrzburg originating from a Catholic family which was in favour of democratic socialism. After he had finished his medical studies, he worked as a country doctor. In 1933, he joined the NSDAP and the SA. From this time on, he was appointed to the state's health service beside his practice. In 1939, he became member of the SS and served in Norway and the Soviet Union in the troops's medical service.

After a heart-attack he was considered unsuitable to the front-line and was then transferred to Dachau and Neuengamme concentration camps, where he remained a little while before he came to Auschwitz in September 1942 as "Standortarzt". Thus, he was the highest-ranking SS-doctor in Auschwitz. He commanded the other physicians to the ramp in a hierarchical principle in order to let them pursue selections there. He himself regularly attended these selections to encourage discipline and the way the doctors saw their own work. Wirths was part of the department D III "FŸr SanitŠtswesen und Lagerhygiene" in the Office of Economic Policy in Berlin (WVHA), a department that was chaired by the physician Enno Lolling since 1942. But Wirths was also subordinate to the commander of Auschwitz, with whom he had to cooperate in the "Daily business". Wirths enforced that only SS-doctors were able to select prisoners. Thus, Wirths not only controlled the selection, but became the organizer-in-chief.

His medical interest was to recognize uterus' cancer in an early phase. His medical experiments ended lethally very often, but he himself never appeared in those testings.

Wirths was captured in 1945 by the British army and committed suicide. Before his death, he wrote a justification concerning his work in Auschwitz. He wrote:
""I tried, according to my Christian belief, to help the sick prisoners..."
(Source: Czech Danuta, Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau 1939-1945).