Ernst Burger was born on May 15, 1915 in Vienna. He became clerk (book keeper) and worked as an official in the socialist youth movement. Until 1934, he was chairing a section of the "Sozialistische Arbeiterjugend", but joined the Communist party (KPOE) in the same year. There, he chaired the communist youth movement and became member of the central committee. In 1937, during the Corporative State, he was arrested in Wšllersdorf penal camp. Durning his arrest that lasted until February 1938, he was political instructor of the KPOE.
In November 1938, he was arrested once again - this time by the Gestapo. He was sentenced to two years and eight monthes penitentiary and transmitted to Auschwitz concentration camp on December 6, 1941 with the prisoner's number 23 580. In Auschwitz, he was very active within the camp resistance and became the leader of the international "Kampfgruppe". After a failed attempt to escape, he was hung on December 30, 1944 together with his two Austrian friends Rudolf Friemel and Ludwig Vesely on the roll-call ground in Auschwitz I.
Today, a memorial plaque reminds the passer-by of Ernst Burger at his former residence in Vienna, Matznergasse 18, 1140 Wien.
Rudolf Friemel, born on May 10, 1907 in Vienna, became an automobile mechanic. He attended the republican "Schutzbund" (private army of the Socialist party) in Vienna and participated in the armed uprising of the Social democrats against the Corporative State under Engelbert Dollfu§ from February 12 to 15, 1934. In 1935, he was sentenced to seven years penitentiary in Stein, but released only one year later, on July 23, 1936. He then joined the KPOE and volunteered for the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. After the defeat of Republican Spain, Friemel fled to France in 1939 where he was captured by the Gestapo after Hitler had overrun France.
Friemel came to Auschwitz on January 2, 1942 with the prisoner's number 25 173. Like Ernst Burger, he also worked within the camp resistance. In connection with Burgers escape from Auschwitz, he was hung on December 30, 1944 on the roll-call ground in Auschwitz I.
A memorial plaque also reminds of Ruduolf Friemel in Wien 10, Ernst-Ludwiggasse 8/1.
Ludwig Vesely was born in Vienna on July 5, 1919. He became a mechanic. Because of his communist activities, he was sentenced to three years penitentiary in October 1938 and transferred to Dachau concentration camp on May 15, 1939. On April 15, 1942 he came to Auschwitz. In connection with Burgers escape from Auschwitz, he was hung on December 30, 1944 on the roll-call ground in Auschwitz I.
A memorial plaque reminds of Ludwig Vesely in Wien 3, Grasberggasse 9.