Adolf Eichmann (SS-Sturmbannfhrer) was born in Solingen in 1906 and moved to Linz (Austria) with his family in his childhood. After unfinished studies of machine building, he was a blue-collar worker, salesman and represented a petrol firm. In 1932, he joined the Austrian NSDAP and, in 1934, the so-called "Judenreferat" II 112 ("Jewish Department") of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, "Security Service").
After the Anschlu§ 1938, Eichmann went back to Austria, where he was regarded as a specialist for the "Jewish Question". In Vienna, he built up the "Zentralstelle fr jdische Auswanderung" ("Department for Jewish Emigration"), the only offical office which was allowed to grant Jews exit permits from Austria and later from Czechoslovakia and the whole Reich. Eichmann was then transferred to the RSHA and took over the department IV D 4 (since 1942 IV B 4) for "Jewish and clearence affairs". Since 1941, his department organised the mass deportations of the European Jewry to the extermination camps. Executing the deportation, Eichmann always acted completely without emotion, though he never had been a fanatic anti- Semite and kept assuring that he personally had nothing against Jews. His eagerness was shown by his steady complaints about the difficulties in fulfilling the death-camp quota. Before the end of the war, when even Himmler was becoming milder , Eichmann ignored his order to stop the gassing, as long as his direct superiors covered him.
Eichmann was interned after the war, he escaped an American camp and fled to Argentina. The Israeli Secret Service discovered him in a suburb of Buenos Aires and brought him to Jerusalem, where he was tried. In December 1961, he was sentenced to death and executed in July 1962.