SS-ObergruppenfŸhrer Oswald Pohl was born in Duisburg on the 30th of May, 1892. He successfully finished his High School in 1912 in Paderborn and concluded a professional training as navy - purser six years later. With the number 30 842 he entered the NSDAP in 1926 and was consequently promoted by Heinrich Himmler who advanced Pohl's carreer within the administration of the SA and SS. In 1934, he was nominated as SS-StandartenfŸhrer and chief of the administration of the "SS-Hauptamt". As SS-ObergruppenfŸhrer, he was chairing the SS-Wirtschaftsverwaltungshauptamt since 1942. His tasks included the economic exploitation of Jews concerning the "Endlösung der Judenfrage", such as collecting their possessions which they had brought with them to the concentration camps - specs, watches, jewels, clothes, foreign money, their hair and their gold-teeth that was fused together with other precious metal. The value of robbed things like these was transferred to a special account named "Max Heiliger" in the "Deutsche Bank".

Pohl was arrested in May 1945 and accused in Nuremberg. During the trial he said that the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" was well-known among the German people and was anything else but a secret. As one of the main responsible mass murderers he was sentenced to death in November 1947, but was not executed before June 1951. Until then, he was imprisonned in Landsberg am Lech. His person was object of most petitions for mercy, including interventions by members of the German Bundestag (Parliament.)